Top Trending Programming Languages of 2018

If you need a short answer to the question what programming language will run the show in 2018, there are three of them: Java, JavaScript, and SQL. However, this is the “answer 42”, which takes into account only current demand, popularity in business sector and average wages across the market.

Despite the high rates of tech development the adoption of new programming languages in business is rather conservative process. Large enterprises, focused on B2B market, tend to stick to the proven technology stacks because it’s cheaper to adapt and it can run on any platform among their customers.

Therefore, Java’s motto: “Write once, run anywhere,” completely explains its popularity. Java held the top since early-00s and is not going anywhere anytime soon. It is true that in recently Java may be eclipsed by SQL and JavaScript, but Java is still #1 among Android developers, which gives it a significant boost in popularity.

On the other hand, young entrepreneurs, with an incline to B2C and web, opt for JavaScript. But those are driven by profitability and flexibility and adhere to general trends. In fact, it is easier to replace a JavaScript specialist than to look for a new employee with a less common Clojure skill.

SQL win-win situation

Despite the fact that SQL is not a multi-purpose language (unlike Java), it is still in high demand across the market. SQL’s main function lies in managing the data and as long as users generate new information the popularity of SQL will rise as well.

Here are TOP 10 programming languages by popularity according to Stack Overflow survey:

However, the industry is experiencing a strong proliferation of young programming languages. There are about 300 different languages out there right now.

Which gets us to the list of trending programming languages of 2018:

  • Go aka Golang — Created by Google in 2009 Go is being continuously discussed in the community in 2016. It is simple, easy to learn and focused on concise and standardized notation. Go is expected to become a new trend in the upcoming year, after all it was made by Google.
  • Rust — is the second highly beloved language among programmers. Rust was launched by Mozilla Firefox in 2014 and by now it’s still on top of the most adored languages for software development.
  • Swift — A “mobile” companion for Apple’s Objective-C language. It is vastly used in iOS app development for programming along with Cocoa frameworks. Therefore Swift will stay in trend as long as Apple does.
  • Scala — Scala is an object-oriented language with a great number of features from functional programming languages that allowed Scala to become the most popular JVM scripting language.
  • Clojure — Despite the fact that it is a dialect of general-purpose Lisp language Clojure boasts the incline to functional programming. It integrates with Java and is interoperable with the .NET ecosystem.
  • Hack — It is another child of a big IT-company. 90% of Facebook’ code is on Hack. While it is a dialect of PHP, Hack may become a second wind for a PHP.
  • Perl — While Perl is relatively old language, previously known as “the duct tape of the web”. Nevertheless, its versatility makes Perl a “dark horse”of programming that may become a new trend in scripting for CGI, graphic programming or administration.

Why so — you may ask?

It is necessary to understand what stands behind trends and popularity in order to make assumptions for the next year. Those two key factors are complexity and area of application.

The complexity of a programming language determines its adoption speed among programming community. This trait stands for love and fun. Here is why those super easy to learn languages, Rust, Swift and Go take the top of love charts for the second year in a row.

Despite the fact that many programming languages designed to be used for writing software in a wide variety of application domains, their field of application greatly determine the popularity. This is where corporations join the game and put their money on the table. This factor affects the demand for certain specialists and their salaries. After all, demand creates its own supply whether for skills or goods. That is how Swift made its way to the top.

And again sometimes it’s easier to create a new programming language (e.g. Go and Rust) than to adapt the existing one.

Originally published at




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